Earth Sciences

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Electrical Resistivity Imaging for Characterizing the Shallow Landslide Hazard Site at Kutupalong Rohingya Refugee Camps of Ukhiya, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh

Received: Oct. 30, 2023    Accepted: Nov. 16, 2023    Published: Nov. 29, 2023
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Abstract

Electrical imaging survey technique is especially suitable for shallow site investigations where understanding the complexities of the subsurface structure in detail is important. This study has been carried out to identify subsurface lithological variation by showing a connection between resistivity data and basic geotechnical parameters. The Wenner arrangement of approximately 25 m and 50 m image lines with electrode spacing of 1 m and 2 m respectively have been carried out to collect the resistivity data. The changes of shallow subsurface geo-electric layers are unfolded using RES2DINV software by creating the electrical images for a site located in the Kutupalong Rohingya Refugee Camps area in Ukhiya-Teknaf, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh. Fundamental geotechnical parameters of the soils of the Kutupalong Site including moisture content, particle size distribution, liquid limit, plastic limit, plasticity index, and specific gravity values were evaluated. The importance of the electrical resistivity values was validated by comparing these geotechnical characteristics with the generated electrical images. As a result, the apparent resistivity pseudo sections give a very approximate but nevertheless useful picture that is illustrated on the image lines revealing subsurface geological changes and support to improve shallow landslide site characterization, in addition to the existing geotechnical site characterization method.

DOI 10.11648/j.earth.20231206.15
Published in Earth Sciences ( Volume 12, Issue 6, December 2023 )
Page(s) 233-243
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Electrical Resistivity, Rohingya Refugee Camp, Wenner Configuration, Borehole, Geotechnical Properties, Subsurface Information, Shallow Landslide

References
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[13] Barker, R. D. Recent applications of electrical imaging surveys in the United Kingdom. In Proceeding of the 1996 Symposium on the Application of Geophysics to Engineering and Environmental Problems (SAGEEP), 1996; pp. 1289-1302.
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Cite This Article
  • APA Style

    Taher Mohammad Shakhawat Hossain, A., Hasan Imam, M., Mohammad Sayem, H., Anindita Khan, P., Emdadul Haque, M., et al. (2023). Electrical Resistivity Imaging for Characterizing the Shallow Landslide Hazard Site at Kutupalong Rohingya Refugee Camps of Ukhiya, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh. Earth Sciences, 12(6), 233-243. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.earth.20231206.15

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    ACS Style

    Taher Mohammad Shakhawat Hossain, A.; Hasan Imam, M.; Mohammad Sayem, H.; Anindita Khan, P.; Emdadul Haque, M., et al. Electrical Resistivity Imaging for Characterizing the Shallow Landslide Hazard Site at Kutupalong Rohingya Refugee Camps of Ukhiya, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh. Earth Sci. 2023, 12(6), 233-243. doi: 10.11648/j.earth.20231206.15

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    AMA Style

    Taher Mohammad Shakhawat Hossain A, Hasan Imam M, Mohammad Sayem H, Anindita Khan P, Emdadul Haque M, et al. Electrical Resistivity Imaging for Characterizing the Shallow Landslide Hazard Site at Kutupalong Rohingya Refugee Camps of Ukhiya, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh. Earth Sci. 2023;12(6):233-243. doi: 10.11648/j.earth.20231206.15

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  • @article{10.11648/j.earth.20231206.15,
      author = {Abu Taher Mohammad Shakhawat Hossain and Mohammad Hasan Imam and Hossain Mohammad Sayem and Purba Anindita Khan and Mohammad Emdadul Haque and Mahmuda Khatun and Sheikh Jafia Jafrin and Tonmoy Dutta and Hasan Mahmud},
      title = {Electrical Resistivity Imaging for Characterizing the Shallow Landslide Hazard Site at Kutupalong Rohingya Refugee Camps of Ukhiya, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh},
      journal = {Earth Sciences},
      volume = {12},
      number = {6},
      pages = {233-243},
      doi = {10.11648/j.earth.20231206.15},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.earth.20231206.15},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.earth.20231206.15},
      abstract = {Electrical imaging survey technique is especially suitable for shallow site investigations where understanding the complexities of the subsurface structure in detail is important. This study has been carried out to identify subsurface lithological variation by showing a connection between resistivity data and basic geotechnical parameters. The Wenner arrangement of approximately 25 m and 50 m image lines with electrode spacing of 1 m and 2 m respectively have been carried out to collect the resistivity data. The changes of shallow subsurface geo-electric layers are unfolded using RES2DINV software by creating the electrical images for a site located in the Kutupalong Rohingya Refugee Camps area in Ukhiya-Teknaf, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh. Fundamental geotechnical parameters of the soils of the Kutupalong Site including moisture content, particle size distribution, liquid limit, plastic limit, plasticity index, and specific gravity values were evaluated. The importance of the electrical resistivity values was validated by comparing these geotechnical characteristics with the generated electrical images. As a result, the apparent resistivity pseudo sections give a very approximate but nevertheless useful picture that is illustrated on the image lines revealing subsurface geological changes and support to improve shallow landslide site characterization, in addition to the existing geotechnical site characterization method.
    },
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Electrical Resistivity Imaging for Characterizing the Shallow Landslide Hazard Site at Kutupalong Rohingya Refugee Camps of Ukhiya, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh
    AU  - Abu Taher Mohammad Shakhawat Hossain
    AU  - Mohammad Hasan Imam
    AU  - Hossain Mohammad Sayem
    AU  - Purba Anindita Khan
    AU  - Mohammad Emdadul Haque
    AU  - Mahmuda Khatun
    AU  - Sheikh Jafia Jafrin
    AU  - Tonmoy Dutta
    AU  - Hasan Mahmud
    Y1  - 2023/11/29
    PY  - 2023
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.earth.20231206.15
    DO  - 10.11648/j.earth.20231206.15
    T2  - Earth Sciences
    JF  - Earth Sciences
    JO  - Earth Sciences
    SP  - 233
    EP  - 243
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2328-5982
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.earth.20231206.15
    AB  - Electrical imaging survey technique is especially suitable for shallow site investigations where understanding the complexities of the subsurface structure in detail is important. This study has been carried out to identify subsurface lithological variation by showing a connection between resistivity data and basic geotechnical parameters. The Wenner arrangement of approximately 25 m and 50 m image lines with electrode spacing of 1 m and 2 m respectively have been carried out to collect the resistivity data. The changes of shallow subsurface geo-electric layers are unfolded using RES2DINV software by creating the electrical images for a site located in the Kutupalong Rohingya Refugee Camps area in Ukhiya-Teknaf, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh. Fundamental geotechnical parameters of the soils of the Kutupalong Site including moisture content, particle size distribution, liquid limit, plastic limit, plasticity index, and specific gravity values were evaluated. The importance of the electrical resistivity values was validated by comparing these geotechnical characteristics with the generated electrical images. As a result, the apparent resistivity pseudo sections give a very approximate but nevertheless useful picture that is illustrated on the image lines revealing subsurface geological changes and support to improve shallow landslide site characterization, in addition to the existing geotechnical site characterization method.
    
    VL  - 12
    IS  - 6
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Department of Geological Sciences, Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

  • Department of Geological Sciences, Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

  • Department of Geological Sciences, Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

  • Department of Geological Sciences, Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

  • Department of Geological Sciences, Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

  • Department of Geological Sciences, Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

  • Department of Geological Sciences, Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

  • Department of Geological Sciences, Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

  • Department of Geological Sciences, Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

  • Section