Earth Sciences

Research Article | | Peer-Reviewed |

Study on the Influence of Different Surface Vegetation Cover on Watershed Scale Microclimate Change

Received: Oct. 20, 2023    Accepted: Nov. 06, 2023    Published: Nov. 13, 2023
Views:       Downloads:

Share

Abstract

By comparing and observing the changes of microclimate indicators of different types of vegetation cover in the Hulu River Basin, this paper analyzed the changes of microclimate under different underlying surface conditions caused by vegetation cover and discussed the role and influence of fruit tree economic forest cover on watershed scale microclimate change. The results showed that the cover of fruit tree economic forest had the effects of cooling, temperature accumulation, moistening and reducing wind speed on the underlying surface of the basin to a certain extent, which was conducive to improving the microclimate of small watershed. The average daily temperature in the forest decreased by 0.1 ~ 3.0°C compared with the average air temperature in the open land outside the forest, and the regulating effect of fruit tree economic forest was higher than that of water conservation forest. The cumulative temperature effect made the daily maximum temperature in the forest higher than that in the open area outside the forest by 0.4 ~ 1.1°C. The humidification and moisturizing effect made the relative humidity of air in the forest increase by 3.2% ~ 11.1% compared with that outside the forest, and the average daily wind speed of air in the forest was 0.4m/s ~ 4.0m/s lower than that outside the forest.

DOI 10.11648/j.earth.20231206.13
Published in Earth Sciences ( Volume 12, Issue 6, December 2023 )
Page(s) 206-224
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Vegetation Cover, Watershed Scale, Microclimate Change, Impact

References
[1] Wang P P. Study on microclimate effect of several typical models of arable land reclamation in Loess Plateau [D]. Northwest A & F University, 2010.
[2] Chen P J. Study on the effects of vegetation restoration types on forest microclimate in arid and semi-arid regions [J]. Soil and Water Conservation in China, 2021 (05): 45-47+9.
[3] Xu Liping, Yang Gaihe, Feng Yongzhong et al. Effects of artificial vegetation on local microclimate in Loess Plateau [J]. Research of Soil and Water Conservation, 2010, 17 (04): 170-175+179. (in Chinese)
[4] Wang Lianxi, Min Qingwen, Li Fengxia et al. Analysis of microclimate characteristics of different underlying surfaces in southern mountainous area of Ningxia [J]. Resources Science, 2005 (04): 18-21.
[5] Chen Wensheng, Ding Huihui, Li Jiangrong. Research progress of forest microclimate characteristics [J]. Journal of Hunan Ecological Sciences, 2022, 9 (03): 89-95.
[6] Wang Xiaolun, Zhang Yu, Liu Yan. Study on the difference of meteorological elements of different underlying surfaces in microclimate [J]. Journal of Baicheng Normal University, 2019, 35 (05): 78-83. (in Chinese)
[7] Chen Ruifeng, Yang Haiyu, GAO Xinghong et al. Analysis on microclimate characteristics of forest ecological station in Xiaolong Mountain [J]. Gansu Forestry Science and Technology, 2019, 44 (04): 5-8.
[8] Paolo D, Yufei H, Scott C, et al. Vegetation-microclimate feedbacks in woodland-grassland ecotones [J]. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 2013, 22 (3-4).
[9] Xu Liping, Yang Gaihe, Jiang Yan et al. Preliminary study on summer microclimate dynamics of artificial vegetation in Loess Plateau [J]. Journal of Northwest A & F University (Natural Science Edition), 2008 (10): 95-102.
[10] Xu Liping. Impact of vegetation restoration on climate and its interaction in Loess Plateau [D]. Northwest A&F University, 2008.
[11] Chaoqun Z, Yongxian S, Liyang L, et al. Seasonal and long-term dynamics in forest microclimate effects: global pattern and mechanism [J]. npj Climate and Atmospheric Science, 2023, 6 (1).
[12] Zheng Y, Chang N. Analysis on the Microclimate Landscape Design of South China Gardens - Evidence from Qinghui Garden in Guangdong Province [J]. Art and Design, 2021, 4 (3).
[13] WU Zhe, Zhou Shangchun, Shu Ziqian et al. Correlation analysis of temperature, humidity and grass temperature at 30cm under forest in Jianhe County [J]. Agricultural Disaster Research, 2019, 13 (08): 163-165.
[14] Xie Lijun, Ao Yinhuan, Li Zhaoguo et al. Observation and analysis of microclimate and evapotranspiration characteristics of the underlying surface of different crops in the Loess Plateau of eastern Gansu Province [J]. Plateau Meteorology, 2019, 42 (04): 899-912.
[15] Gao Gao, Shi Haijing, Ding Chengqin et al. Buffering effect of artificial robinia acacia forest on temperature and humidity in loess hilly area [J]. Research of Soil and Water Conservation, 2023, 30 (05): 175-183. (in Chinese)
[16] Xiao Yu, Xie Gaodi, Zhen Lin et al. Study on forest cooling and humidification in hilly and gully region of Loess Plateau in Sanbei Project [J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2019, 39 (16): 5836-5846.
Cite This Article
  • APA Style

    Fu, W., Qiang, Z., Yan, S. X., Qian, H., He, Z., et al. (2023). Study on the Influence of Different Surface Vegetation Cover on Watershed Scale Microclimate Change. Earth Sciences, 12(6), 206-224. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.earth.20231206.13

    Copy | Download

    ACS Style

    Fu, W.; Qiang, Z.; Yan, S. X.; Qian, H.; He, Z., et al. Study on the Influence of Different Surface Vegetation Cover on Watershed Scale Microclimate Change. Earth Sci. 2023, 12(6), 206-224. doi: 10.11648/j.earth.20231206.13

    Copy | Download

    AMA Style

    Fu W, Qiang Z, Yan SX, Qian H, He Z, et al. Study on the Influence of Different Surface Vegetation Cover on Watershed Scale Microclimate Change. Earth Sci. 2023;12(6):206-224. doi: 10.11648/j.earth.20231206.13

    Copy | Download

  • @article{10.11648/j.earth.20231206.13,
      author = {Wang Fu and Zhao Qiang and Sha Xiao Yan and He Qian and Zhang He and Han Fen},
      title = {Study on the Influence of Different Surface Vegetation Cover on Watershed Scale Microclimate Change},
      journal = {Earth Sciences},
      volume = {12},
      number = {6},
      pages = {206-224},
      doi = {10.11648/j.earth.20231206.13},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.earth.20231206.13},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.earth.20231206.13},
      abstract = {By comparing and observing the changes of microclimate indicators of different types of vegetation cover in the Hulu River Basin, this paper analyzed the changes of microclimate under different underlying surface conditions caused by vegetation cover and discussed the role and influence of fruit tree economic forest cover on watershed scale microclimate change. The results showed that the cover of fruit tree economic forest had the effects of cooling, temperature accumulation, moistening and reducing wind speed on the underlying surface of the basin to a certain extent, which was conducive to improving the microclimate of small watershed. The average daily temperature in the forest decreased by 0.1 ~ 3.0°C compared with the average air temperature in the open land outside the forest, and the regulating effect of fruit tree economic forest was higher than that of water conservation forest. The cumulative temperature effect made the daily maximum temperature in the forest higher than that in the open area outside the forest by 0.4 ~ 1.1°C. The humidification and moisturizing effect made the relative humidity of air in the forest increase by 3.2% ~ 11.1% compared with that outside the forest, and the average daily wind speed of air in the forest was 0.4m/s ~ 4.0m/s lower than that outside the forest.
    },
     year = {2023}
    }
    

    Copy | Download

  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Study on the Influence of Different Surface Vegetation Cover on Watershed Scale Microclimate Change
    AU  - Wang Fu
    AU  - Zhao Qiang
    AU  - Sha Xiao Yan
    AU  - He Qian
    AU  - Zhang He
    AU  - Han Fen
    Y1  - 2023/11/13
    PY  - 2023
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.earth.20231206.13
    DO  - 10.11648/j.earth.20231206.13
    T2  - Earth Sciences
    JF  - Earth Sciences
    JO  - Earth Sciences
    SP  - 206
    EP  - 224
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2328-5982
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.earth.20231206.13
    AB  - By comparing and observing the changes of microclimate indicators of different types of vegetation cover in the Hulu River Basin, this paper analyzed the changes of microclimate under different underlying surface conditions caused by vegetation cover and discussed the role and influence of fruit tree economic forest cover on watershed scale microclimate change. The results showed that the cover of fruit tree economic forest had the effects of cooling, temperature accumulation, moistening and reducing wind speed on the underlying surface of the basin to a certain extent, which was conducive to improving the microclimate of small watershed. The average daily temperature in the forest decreased by 0.1 ~ 3.0°C compared with the average air temperature in the open land outside the forest, and the regulating effect of fruit tree economic forest was higher than that of water conservation forest. The cumulative temperature effect made the daily maximum temperature in the forest higher than that in the open area outside the forest by 0.4 ~ 1.1°C. The humidification and moisturizing effect made the relative humidity of air in the forest increase by 3.2% ~ 11.1% compared with that outside the forest, and the average daily wind speed of air in the forest was 0.4m/s ~ 4.0m/s lower than that outside the forest.
    
    VL  - 12
    IS  - 6
    ER  - 

    Copy | Download

Author Information
  • Pingliang Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Pingliang, China

  • Pingliang Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Pingliang, China

  • Pingliang Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Pingliang, China

  • Pingliang Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Pingliang, China

  • Pingliang Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Pingliang, China

  • Pingliang Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Pingliang, China

  • Section